Passionate about music and theater, close friend of the greatest musicians of the time (Lully, Couperin and Destouches) and of the brother of the King of France (the future Duke of Orleans), Antoine I (1661-1731) allows the Principality of Monaco, on his return from the court of Versailles in the early eighteenth century, to assert itself as a true cultural center of Europe.antoine
In 1706, Antoine Grimaldi settled permanently in Monaco. He sets on the Rock amazing celebrations, concerts, brilliant theatrical performances, like the ones at the Versailles court. He is sent many publications and scores, all new french and Italian works of the time (including those represented at the Paris Opera), and thus a very rich background of instrumental and vocal scores, both sacred and profane. "We make music from morning to night, and the days seem too short! Oh ! Dolce Vita ! Why can you last forever?"In the Principality yet so close to Italy, and steeped in its influence, french music has a place of choice, rule that will continue to maintain and assert themselves thereafter. Antoine I creates and maintains a group of singers and an orchestra, which he personally oversees recruiting, and sometimes make them rehearse, with the conductor stick given by Lully himself. He likes to present his artistic achievements to his visitors invited at the Palace: "I dare say the truth that, with the exception of Paris, there is no place where one performs better than here".

In addition, Anthony Grimaldi provides a real influence and strategic position in the Principality quickly, he becomes an important player that facilitates and maintains relations between the Cabinet of Versailles, the armies operating beyond the Alps and the Italian states remained loyal. He consigns, quite uniquely, constant fidelity to thplafonde territory of Monaco: it will indeed expect the contemporary period to find princes who would live so long, continuously on the Rock. The reign of Antoine I represents thirty years of glory ofthe Principality, and the climax of his its musical life. Then begin a significant decline, accelerated by the French Revolution, which momentarily interrupt any artistic activity. The passion of the Monegasque sovereign was strong for baroque music but can not be reduced to this art. Indeed, baroque art was also evident through architectural works. One can quote among others the beautiful chapelle de la Miséricorde, located in the Old City. The chapel was blessed in 1639 during the reign of Prince Honoré II, Prior of the Brotherhood of Black Penitents. The numerous sculptures, lush paintings and gilding and marble make this chapel a gem, a living witness of the bygone era of the flamboyant baroque. In the same way, we find in the Prince's Palace Palatine Chapel built in the seventeenth century.